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Centre for Biodiversity & Ecology Research

Department of Biological Sciences, School of Science & Engineering

The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand

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Associate Professor Brendan J. Hicks

PhD, Oregon State 1990; MSc (Hons), Auckland 1977; BSc, Auckland 1975

Research interests: Ecology of freshwater fish; population estimation by boat electrofishing; stable isotopes and aquatic food webs; control of invasive fish; otolith microchemistry

This link will take you to my CBER contract reports

Journal, book, and conference publications

Collier, K.J., B.D. Clarkson, B.M.T.A. Aldridge, and B.J. Hicks. 2008. Can urban streams be restored? Linking vegetation restoration with urban stormwater mitigation. Proceedings of the NZWWA Stormwater Conference, Rotorua, New Zealand Water and Wastes Association. Download PDF 3.79 MB

August, S.M. and B.J. Hicks. 2008. Water temperature and upstream migration of glass eels in New Zealand: implications of climate change. Environmental Biology of Fishes 81(2): 195–205. Download PDF 0.30 MB

Michel, C., B.J. Hicks, K.N. Stölting, A.C. Clarke, M.I. Stevens, R. Tana, A. Meyer, and M.R. van den Heuvel. 2008. Distinct migratory and non-migratory ecotypes of an endemic New Zealand eleotrid (Gobiomorphus cotidianus McDowall 1975) — implications for incipient speciation in island freshwater fish species. BioMed Central Evolutionary Biology 8: 49. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-49. Articles in BMC Evolutionary Biology should be cited in the same way as articles in a traditional journal, with one exception. Because articles in this journal are not printed, they do not have page numbers. Instead, they have a unique article number. This is article 49 in volume 8. Download PDF 0.56 MB

Entry, J.A., R.E. Sojka, and B.J. Hicks. 2008. Carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios can estimate anionic polyacrylamide degradation in soil. Geoderma 145: 8-16. Download PDF 0.49 MB

van den Heuvel, M.R., C. Michel, K.N. Stöltling, M.I. Stevens, L.A. Tremblay, and B.J. Hicks. 2007. Monitoring the effects of pulp and paper effluent is restricted in genetically distinct populations of common bully (Gobiomorphus cotidianus). Environmental Science and Technology 41: 2602-2608. Download PDF 0.22 MB

Tempero, G.W., N. Ling, B.J. Hicks, M.W. Osborne. 2006. Age composition, growth, and reproduction of koi carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) in the lower Waikato, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 40: 571-583. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J., M.W. Osborne, and N. Ling. 2006. Quantitative estimates of fish abundance from boat electrofishing. Proceedings, Australian Society for Fish Biology annual conference, Darwin, NT, 11-15 July 2005. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J., H.J. Bannon, and R.D.S. Wells. 2006. Fish and macroinvertebrates in lowland drainage canals with and without grass carp. Journal of Aquatic Plant Management 44: 89-98. Download PDF

West, D. W., N. Ling, B. J. Hicks, L. A. Tremblay, N. D. Kim, and M. R. van den Heuvel. 2006. Cumulative impacts assessment along a large river, using brown bullhead catfish (Ameiurus nebulosus) populations. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 25(7): 1868-1880. Download PDF

Dugdale, T.M., B.J. Hicks, M. de Winton, and A. Taumoepeau. 2006. Fish exclosures versus intensive fishing to restore charophytes in a shallow New Zealand lake. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 162(2):. DOI:10.1002/aqc.711 Download PDF

Hicks, B. J., D. W. West, B. J. Barry, A. Markwitz, C. F. Baker, and C. P. Mitchell. 2005. Chronosequences of strontium in the otoliths of two New Zealand migratory freshwater fish, inanga (Galaxias maculatus) and koaro (G. brevipinnis). International Journal of Particle Induced X-ray Emission 15(3-4): 95-101. DOI:10.1142/S0129083505000398.  Download PDF

Hicks, B.J., M.S. Wipfli, D.W. Lang, and M.E. Lang. 2005. Marine-derived nitrogen and carbon in freshwater-riparian food webs of the Copper River Delta, southcentral Alaska. Oecologia 144: 558-569. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-005-0035-2. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J., G.J. Glova, M.J. Duncan. 2004. Forestry interactions - New Zealand. Pages 654-677 in T.G. Northcote and G.F. Hartman [editors] Fishes and forestry - worldwide watershed interactions and management. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Download PDF

Martínez-Capel, F., C. McCullough & B.J. Hicks. 2004. On a regional model for nocturnal habitat requirements of banded kokopu (Galaxias fasciatus) in the North Island, New Zealand. Pages 109-116 in D. García de Jalón Lastra, P. Vizcaíno Martínez (eds). Proceedings of the Fifth International Symposium on Ecohydraulics, 12-17 September 2004, Madrid, Spain. Volume I. Aquatic habitats: analysis and restoration. International Association of Hydraulic Engineering and Research, Madrid. ISBN:90-805649-7-4.

Hicks, B.J. and J. D. Hall. 2003. Rock type and channel gradient structure salmonid populations in the Oregon Coast Range. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 132: 468-482. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. 2003. Distribution and abundance of fish and crayfish in a Waikato stream in relation to basin area. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 30(2): 149-160. Download PDF

Wells, R. D. S.; Bannon, H. J.; Hicks, B. J. 2003. Control of macrophytes by grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) in a Waikato drain, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 37: 85-93. Download PDF

Baker, C.F. and B.J. Hicks. 2003. Attraction of migratory inanga (Galaxias maculatus) and koaro (Galaxias brevipinnis) juveniles to adult galaxiid odours. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 37: 291-299. Download PDF

Chisnall, B. L., M. L. Martin, and B. J. Hicks. 2003. Effect of harvest on size, abundance, and production of freshwater eels (Anguilla australis and A. dieffenbachii) in a New Zealand stream. In D. A. Dixon (Editor), Biology, management, and protection of catadromous eels. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 33, Bethesda, Maryland. pp 177-189. Download PDF

Barnes, G.E. and B.J. Hicks. 2003. Brown bullhead catfish (Ameiurus nebulosus) in Lake Taupo. Pages 27-35 in Munro, R. (ed). Managing invasive freshwater fish in New Zealand. Proceedings of a workshop hosted by Department of Conservation, 10-12 May 2001, Hamilton. New Zealand Department of Conservation, Wellington. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. 2003. Biology and potential impacts of rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus L.) in New Zealand. Pages 49-58 in Munro, R. (ed). Managing invasive freshwater fish in New Zealand. Proceedings of a workshop hosted by Department of Conservation, 10-12 May 2001, Hamilton. New Zealand Department of Conservation, Wellington. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. 2002. Gravel galore: impacts of clear-cut logging on salmon and their habitats. Pages 97-118 In B. Harvey and M. MacDuffee, editors. Phantom runs: the future of wild salmon on north and central coasts of British Columbia. Raincoast Conservation Society, Victoria, British Columbia. Download PDF

Lake, M.D., B.J. Hicks, R.D.S. Wells, and T.M. Dugdale. 2002. Consumption of submerged aquatic macrophytes by rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus L.) in New Zealand. Hydrobiologia 470:13-22. Download PDF

Clements, S.P, B.J. Hicks, B.J., J.F. Carragher, and M. Dedual. 2002. The effect of a trapping procedure on the stress response of wild rainbow trout. North American Journal of Fisheries Management 22:907-916.Download PDF

Parkyn, S.M., K.J. Collier, and B.J. Hicks. 2002. Growth and population dynamics of crayfish Paranephrops planifrons in streams within native forest and pastoral land uses. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 36: 847-861. Download PDF

McCullough, C.D. and B.J. Hicks. 2002. Estimating the abundance of banded kokopu (Galaxias fasciatus Gray) in small streams by nocturnal counts under spotlight illumination. New Zealand Natural Sciences 27: 1-14. Download PDF

Parkyn, S.M., K.J. Collier, and B.J. Hicks. 2001. New Zealand stream crayfish: functional omnivores but trophic predators? Freshwater Biology 46(5):641-652. Download PDF

Greenwood T.L., Green, J.D., Hicks, B.J., Chapman, M.A. 1999. Seasonal abundance of small cladocerans in Lake Mangakaware, Waikato, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 33(3): 399-415. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. and J.L. Laboyrie. 1999. Preliminary estimates of mass-loss rates, changes in stable isotope composition, and invertebrate colonisation of evergreen and deciduous leaves Waikato, New Zealand, stream.  New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 33(2):221-232. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. 1997. Food webs in forest and pasture streams in the Waikato region: a study based on analyses of stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen, and fish gut contents. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 651-664. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. and H.M.C. McCaughan. 1997. Land use, associated eel production, and abundance of fish and crayfish in streams in Waikato, New Zealand.  New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 635-650. Download PDF

Rabeni, C.F., K.J. Collier, S.M. Parkyn, and B.J. Hicks. 1997. Evaluating techniques for sampling stream crayfish (Paranephrops planifrons). New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 31: 693-700.Download PDF

Hicks, B.J., and R.F.G. Barrier. 1996. Habitat requirements of black mudfish (Neochanna diversus) in the Waikato region, North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 30:135-151. Download PDF

Barrier, R.F.G., and B.J. Hicks. 1994. Behavioural interactions between black mudfish (Neochanna diversus Stokell, 1949: Galaxiidae) and mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis Baird & Girard, 1854). Ecology of Freshwater Fish 3:93-99. Download PDF

Chisnall, B. J. and B. J. Hicks. 1993. Age and growth of longfinned eels (Anguilla dieffenbachii) in pastoral and forested streams in the Waikato River basin, and in two hydro-electric lakes in the North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 27:317-332. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J., J.D. Hall, P.A. Bisson, and J.R. Sedell. 1991. Responses of salmonids to habitat changes. Pages 483-518 in W. R. Meehan, editor. Influences of forest and rangeland management on salmonid habitat. American Fisheries Society Special Publication 19, Bethesda, Maryland. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J., R.L. Beschta, and R.D. Harr. 1991. Long-term changes in streamflow following logging in western Oregon and associated fisheries implications. Water Resources Bulletin 27:217-226. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. and W.B. Silvester. 1990. Acetylene reduction associated with Zostera novazelandica Setch. and Spartina alterniflora Loisel., in Whangateau Harbour, North Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 24:481-486. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. and W.B. Silvester. 1985. Nitrogen fixation in the New Zealand mangrove (Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. var. resinifera (Forst f.) Bakh.). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 49:955 959. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. and N.R.N. Watson. 1985. The fish and fisheries of Rangitikei River. Fisheries Research Publication Occasional Publication No. 48, New Zealand Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, Wellington. 32p.

Hicks, B.J. and N.R.N. Watson. 1985. Seasonal changes in abundance of brown trout (Salmo trutta) and rainbow trout (S. gairdnerii) assessed by drift diving in the Rangitikei River, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 19:1-10. Download PDF

Rounick, J.S. and B.J. Hicks. 1985. The stable carbon isotope ratios of fish and their invertebrate prey in four New Zealand rivers. Freshwater Biology 15:207-214. Download PDF

Hicks, B.J. and N.R.N. Watson. 1983. Quinnat salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) spawning in the Rangitikei River. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 17:17-19. Download PDF

Dormgoole, F.I., Silvester, W.B. and B.J. Hicks. 1978. Nitrogenase activity associated with Codium species from New Zealand marine habitats. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 12:17-22. Download PDF